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Android工具类收集

一些会常用到的工具类的简单收集。

圆形头像

public class CircleImage {

    public static Bitmap toRoundBitmap(Bitmap bitmap) {
        //圆形图片宽高
        int width = bitmap.getWidth();
        int height = bitmap.getHeight();
        //正方形的边长
        int r = 0;
        //取最短边做边长
        if(width > height) {
            r = height;
        } else {
            r = width;
        }
        //构建一个bitmap
        Bitmap backgroundBmp = Bitmap.createBitmap(width,
                height, Bitmap.Config.ARGB_8888);
        //new一个Canvas,在backgroundBmp上画图
        Canvas canvas = new Canvas(backgroundBmp);
        Paint paint = new Paint();
        //设置边缘光滑,去掉锯齿
        paint.setAntiAlias(true);
        //宽高相等,即正方形
        RectF rect = new RectF(0, 0, r, r);
        //通过制定的rect画一个圆角矩形,当圆角X轴方向的半径等于Y轴方向的半径时,
        //且都等于r/2时,画出来的圆角矩形就是圆形
        canvas.drawRoundRect(rect, r/2, r/2, paint);
        //设置当两个图形相交时的模式,SRC_IN为取SRC图形相交的部分,多余的将被去掉
        paint.setXfermode(new PorterDuffXfermode(PorterDuff.Mode.SRC_IN));
        //canvas将bitmap画在backgroundBmp上
        canvas.drawBitmap(bitmap, null, rect, paint);
        //返回已经绘画好的backgroundBmp
        return backgroundBmp;
    }
}

图片毛玻璃化

加载时间略长,待寻找更优的算法类取代

import android.graphics.Bitmap;
import android.media.ThumbnailUtils;


public class BlurUtil {

    private static final String TAG = BlurUtil.class.getSimpleName();
    /**
     * 对图片进行毛玻璃化
     * @param sentBitmap 位图
     * @param radius 虚化程度
     * @param canReuseInBitmap 是否重用
     * @return 位图
     */
    public static Bitmap doBlur(Bitmap sentBitmap, int radius, boolean canReuseInBitmap) {

        Bitmap bitmap;
        if (canReuseInBitmap) {
            bitmap = sentBitmap;
        } else {
            bitmap = sentBitmap.copy(sentBitmap.getConfig(), true);
        }
        if (radius < 1) {
            return (null);
        }
        int w = bitmap.getWidth();
        int h = bitmap.getHeight();
        int[] pix = new int[w * h];
        bitmap.getPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);
        int wm = w - 1;
        int hm = h - 1;
        int wh = w * h;
        int div = radius + radius + 1;
        int r[] = new int[wh];
        int g[] = new int[wh];
        int b[] = new int[wh];
        int rsum, gsum, bsum, x, y, i, p, yp, yi, yw;
        int vmin[] = new int[Math.max(w, h)];
        int divsum = (div + 1) >> 1;
        divsum *= divsum;
        int dv[] = new int[256 * divsum];
        for (i = 0; i < 256 * divsum; i++) {
            dv[i] = (i / divsum);
        }
        yw = yi = 0;
        int[][] stack = new int[div][3];
        int stackpointer;
        int stackstart;
        int[] sir;
        int rbs;
        int r1 = radius + 1;
        int routsum, goutsum, boutsum;
        int rinsum, ginsum, binsum;
        for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
            rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
            for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
                p = pix[yi + Math.min(wm, Math.max(i, 0))];
                sir = stack[i + radius];
                sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
                sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
                sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
                rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);
                rsum += sir[0] * rbs;
                gsum += sir[1] * rbs;
                bsum += sir[2] * rbs;
                if (i > 0) {
                    rinsum += sir[0];
                    ginsum += sir[1];
                    binsum += sir[2];
                } else {
                    routsum += sir[0];
                    goutsum += sir[1];
                    boutsum += sir[2];
                }
            }
            stackpointer = radius;
            for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
                r[yi] = dv[rsum];
                g[yi] = dv[gsum];
                b[yi] = dv[bsum];
                rsum -= routsum;
                gsum -= goutsum;
                bsum -= boutsum;
                stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
                sir = stack[stackstart % div];
                routsum -= sir[0];
                goutsum -= sir[1];
                boutsum -= sir[2];
                if (y == 0) {
                    vmin[x] = Math.min(x + radius + 1, wm);
                }
                p = pix[yw + vmin[x]];
                sir[0] = (p & 0xff0000) >> 16;
                sir[1] = (p & 0x00ff00) >> 8;
                sir[2] = (p & 0x0000ff);
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
                rsum += rinsum;
                gsum += ginsum;
                bsum += binsum;
                stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
                sir = stack[(stackpointer) % div];
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
                rinsum -= sir[0];
                ginsum -= sir[1];
                binsum -= sir[2];
                yi++;
            }
            yw += w;
        }
        for (x = 0; x < w; x++) {
            rinsum = ginsum = binsum = routsum = goutsum = boutsum = rsum = gsum = bsum = 0;
            yp = -radius * w;
            for (i = -radius; i <= radius; i++) {
                yi = Math.max(0, yp) + x;
                sir = stack[i + radius];
                sir[0] = r[yi];
                sir[1] = g[yi];
                sir[2] = b[yi];
                rbs = r1 - Math.abs(i);
                rsum += r[yi] * rbs;
                gsum += g[yi] * rbs;
                bsum += b[yi] * rbs;
                if (i > 0) {
                    rinsum += sir[0];
                    ginsum += sir[1];
                    binsum += sir[2];
                } else {
                    routsum += sir[0];
                    goutsum += sir[1];
                    boutsum += sir[2];
                }
                if (i < hm) {
                    yp += w;
                }
            }
            yi = x;
            stackpointer = radius;
            for (y = 0; y < h; y++) {
                // Preserve alpha channel: ( 0xff000000 & pix[yi] )
                pix[yi] = (0xff000000 & pix[yi]) | (dv[rsum] << 16) | (dv[gsum] << 8) | dv[bsum];
                rsum -= routsum;
                gsum -= goutsum;
                bsum -= boutsum;
                stackstart = stackpointer - radius + div;
                sir = stack[stackstart % div];
                routsum -= sir[0];
                goutsum -= sir[1];
                boutsum -= sir[2];
                if (x == 0) {
                    vmin[y] = Math.min(y + r1, hm) * w;
                }
                p = x + vmin[y];
                sir[0] = r[p];
                sir[1] = g[p];
                sir[2] = b[p];
                rinsum += sir[0];
                ginsum += sir[1];
                binsum += sir[2];
                rsum += rinsum;
                gsum += ginsum;
                bsum += binsum;
                stackpointer = (stackpointer + 1) % div;
                sir = stack[stackpointer];
                routsum += sir[0];
                goutsum += sir[1];
                boutsum += sir[2];
                rinsum -= sir[0];
                ginsum -= sir[1];
                binsum -= sir[2];
                yi += w;
            }
        }
        bitmap.setPixels(pix, 0, w, 0, 0, w, h);
//        print("虚化后 ",bitmap);
        return (bitmap);
    }
    /**
     * 对图片进行毛玻璃化
     * @param originBitmap 位图
     * @param scaleRatio 缩放比率
     * @param blurRadius 毛玻璃化比率,虚化程度
     * @return 位图
     */
    public static Bitmap doBlur(Bitmap originBitmap, int scaleRatio, int blurRadius){
//        print("原图::",originBitmap);
        Bitmap scaledBitmap = Bitmap.createScaledBitmap(originBitmap,
                originBitmap.getWidth() / scaleRatio,
                originBitmap.getHeight() / scaleRatio,
                false);
        Bitmap blurBitmap = doBlur(scaledBitmap, blurRadius, false);
        scaledBitmap.recycle();
        return blurBitmap;
    }
//    private static void print(String tag, Bitmap originBitmap) {
//        StringBuilder sb = new StringBuilder(tag);
//        sb.append( String.format("  width=%s,",originBitmap.getWidth()));
//        sb.append( String.format(" height=%s,",originBitmap.getHeight()));
//        Log.i(TAG,sb.toString());
//    }
    /**
     * 对图片进行 毛玻璃化,虚化
     * @param originBitmap 位图
     * @param width 缩放后的期望宽度
     * @param height 缩放后的期望高度
     * @param blurRadius 虚化程度
     * @return 位图
     */
    public static Bitmap doBlur(Bitmap originBitmap,int width,int height,int blurRadius){
        Bitmap thumbnail = ThumbnailUtils.extractThumbnail(originBitmap, width, height);
        Bitmap blurBitmap = doBlur(thumbnail, blurRadius, true);
        thumbnail.recycle();
        return blurBitmap;
    }

}

图片选择

介于android4.4是图片选择返回路径内容变化的一个版本,放一个处理路径问题的类

public class ImagePath {

    public static String getPath(final Context context, final Uri uri) {

        final boolean isKitKat = Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.KITKAT;

        // DocumentProvider
        if (isKitKat && DocumentsContract.isDocumentUri(context, uri)) {
            // ExternalStorageProvider
            if (isExternalStorageDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                if ("primary".equalsIgnoreCase(type)) {
                    return Environment.getExternalStorageDirectory() + "/" + split[1];
                }

                // TODO handle non-primary volumes
            }
            // DownloadsProvider
            else if (isDownloadsDocument(uri)) {

                final String id = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final Uri contentUri = ContentUris.withAppendedId(
                        Uri.parse("content://downloads/public_downloads"), Long.valueOf(id));

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, null, null);
            }
            // MediaProvider
            else if (isMediaDocument(uri)) {
                final String docId = DocumentsContract.getDocumentId(uri);
                final String[] split = docId.split(":");
                final String type = split[0];

                Uri contentUri = null;
                if ("image".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Images.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("video".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Video.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                } else if ("audio".equals(type)) {
                    contentUri = MediaStore.Audio.Media.EXTERNAL_CONTENT_URI;
                }

                final String selection = "_id=?";
                final String[] selectionArgs = new String[] {
                        split[1]
                };

                return getDataColumn(context, contentUri, selection, selectionArgs);
            }else if(uri.toString().indexOf("file:///")>0){
                //自带手机的路径情况
                String ori_path=uri.toString();
                String path=ori_path.substring(7,ori_path.length());
                return path;
            }
        }
        // MediaStore (and general)
        else if ("content".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {

            // Return the remote address
            if (isGooglePhotosUri(uri))
                return uri.getLastPathSegment();

            return getDataColumn(context, uri, null, null);
        }
        // File
        else if ("file".equalsIgnoreCase(uri.getScheme())) {
            return uri.getPath();
        }

        return null;
    }

    public static String getDataColumn(Context context, Uri uri, String selection,
                                       String[] selectionArgs) {

        Cursor cursor = null;
        final String column = "_data";
        final String[] projection = {
                column
        };

        try {
            cursor = context.getContentResolver().query(uri, projection, selection, selectionArgs,
                    null);
            if (cursor != null && cursor.moveToFirst()) {
                final int index = cursor.getColumnIndexOrThrow(column);
                return cursor.getString(index);
            }
        } finally {
            if (cursor != null)
                cursor.close();
        }
        return null;
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is ExternalStorageProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isExternalStorageDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.externalstorage.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is DownloadsProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isDownloadsDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.downloads.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is MediaProvider.
     */
    public static boolean isMediaDocument(Uri uri) {
        return "com.android.providers.media.documents".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

    /**
     * @param uri The Uri to check.
     * @return Whether the Uri authority is Google Photos.
     */
    public static boolean isGooglePhotosUri(Uri uri) {
        return "com.google.android.apps.photos.content".equals(uri.getAuthority());
    }

}
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